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Cosmology Matters

Yesterday I tweeted about this program. I also wrote the television station, telling them how much I enjoyed the show and that it should be available on the web. I was pleasantly surprised to be informed that TVO is extremely web savvy. So if anyone read my comments re yesterday’s entry, I stand corrected!

More importantly, I’m glad that visitors to Earthpages.org can watch this video too. I found it very helpful… nothing short of captivating.

—MC


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Finally, a cosmology that includes spirituality

Watched the authors on TV Ontario tonight. Outstanding. They were articulating things that I have thought about but often find challenging to express. One idea I really liked was the notion that even change changes. I think this is valuable on one level. Certainly there are many ways to view the universe or to “slice an onion,” as the old saying goes. But I think there still could be some meta-truths. For example: One of God’s primary attributes is love.

—MC


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Was only one Universe Created or is ours one of many Universes?

Wormhole

Wormhole (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

By HChanbi

When creationists imagine evolution requires everything to have come from nothing, they really misunderstand what many evolutionists actually believe. There are various evolutionary theories as to how the universe and life came to exist. It may be true that more and more evolutionists believe everything could exist suddenly from nothing without any intelligent input, but others remain unconvinced. Some believe matter has always existed in some form or other. Some can imagine the eternal existence of massive black holes that every so often collide violently and explode into universes that eventually collapse back into other massive black holes waiting another collision to create other universes. Another theory has universes expanding within an ever-increasing vacuum in an infinite expanding cosmos. There is also the possibility that universes come to exist from unbound energies coalescing into matter. What all these evolutionary theories have in common is that they all result in multiverses. With the existence of infinite universes, any argument of fine-tuning becomes a mute point.

If mankind can imagine matter and life originating naturally, what would then motivate anyone to believe in an invisible supernatural being that creates natural worlds? The answer may be as simple as some people not being able to reconcile an eternal natural existence, yet they can imagine some unproven eternal supernatural existence. Certainly the ramifications of infinite universes are profound, but why would we expect anything less from an eternal creator? Would an eternal creator really wait an eternity to suddenly create just one universe?

Black Hole in the universe

Black Hole in the universe (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The intriguing thing about a non-created infinite cosmos with infinite universes is that there must then exist every possible kind of universe infinite times over. There would be infinite universes exactly like ours with people exactly like us living on planets exactly like earth. As incomprehensible as that may be, we can never disprove that possibility. Alternatively, we can believe some omnibenevolent, omnipotent, and omniscient supernatural creator existed eternally in an infinite cosmos and suddenly decided to create a single massive universe and an insignificant planet to test one specially created life-form before deeming them worthy enough to enter into the supernatural realm. Is that really easier to believe?

What creationists fail to understand is that the contention of something coming from nothing is not with scientists that continuously try to understand the possibilities, but rather it is with their own belief of a creator that simply speaks matter into existence. That is truly something from nothing that has no explanation as to how that is possible. Creationists never consider how their invisible creator managed to take nothing and make all the matter in our universe. Moreover, if that creator can easily create a universe, as theists have it, why would that creator only create one? Given the ease of speaking matter into existence, it becomes ludicrous to believe that an eternal and infinitely capable creator would have only created one universe for one special species. It does seem that only self-centered minds can believe that is reasonable. All the while creationists must ignore the prospect that the same mechanism a creator might have used to create something from nothing could be stumbled upon by nature given infinite opportunities.

Article Source: http://www.articlesbase.com/religion-articles/was-only-one-universe-created-or-is-ours-one-of-many-universes-7211470.html

About the Author

Graduated from WSU with a BSEE. Novice Software Developer. Long time analyst of Biblical doctrines and evolutionary theories.


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Proof God’s Universe Is Filled with Life Comes Closer

Kepler mission Delta II liftoff

Kepler mission Delta II liftoff (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

By Rabbi Allen S. Maller

During Medieval times almost all Christian theologians accepted the Ptolemaic earth centered Greek view of the universe as an absolute universal truth. The Catholic Inquisition punished those who dared to voice other ideas.

I do not know why Catholic theologians believed that the rarity of life in our universe proves that God must have created life only on this planet. Perhaps they believed that if intelligent life were found to exist on other planets; it would diminish the miracle of God’s creation of Human Beings.

For me the opposite is true. That God’s universal creation is filled with life is simply the result of God’s love of living beings.

The Qur’an and the Hebrew Bible teach that the Living God created the whole universe to be conducive to the universal evolution of life. The Qur’an says, “We have not sent you but as a blessing for all the worlds.” (Al-Anbiya 107) Many commentators say “this refers to the 18.000 worlds created by Allah. Our world is one of them”. (Mir’at-e-Kainat, vol.1, p.77).

The Hebrew Bible says in the Zabur of Prophet David, King of Israel; “ Your kingdom is a kingdom of all the worlds; and Your dominion is for all generations.” (Psalms 145:13)

In January 2013, astronomers estimated that there could be at least 17 billion Earth-sized exoplanets in just our galaxy; the Milky Way. They also said that one in six stars could host an Earth-sized planet in a close orbit.

Now, two years later, proof that God’s Universe is filled with life is coming closer. NASA’s Kepler Space Telescope has discovered a star with three planets only slightly larger than Earth. The outermost planet, which is 50% larger than planet earth, orbits in the zone where surface temperatures could be moderate enough for liquid water and perhaps life to exist.

The star ranks among the top 10 nearest stars known to have transiting planets. The star is close enough for astronomers to study the planet’s atmospheres to determine if it has oxygen could possibly be conducive to multicellular life forms.

The star is a cool red M-dwarf about half the size and mass of our own sun. At a distance of 150 light years, the star ranks among the top 10 nearest stars known to have transiting planets. The star’s proximity means it’s bright enough for astronomers to study the planets’ atmospheres to determine whether they are like Earth’s atmosphere and possibly conducive to life.

For those who believe in the One God of all the inhabitable worlds, these two new scientific studies are not shocking. For unlike the Roman inquisition’s condemnation of Galileo, no Muslim or Jewish astronomer was ever condemned by a Muslim or Jewish inquisition, because Jews and Muslims never had an institution like the inquisition.

Also, because both Muslims and Jews had many philosophers who were critics of Aristotle’s and Ptolemy’s science, most medieval Jewish and Muslim religious leaders did not feel they had to prevent new science from disagreeing with Greek science.

Thus, even as new discoveries always change the scientific understanding of God’s universe; the religious belief that the whole universe exalts God and reveals God’s glory remains the same.

As it is written in the Zabur of Prophet David, King of Israel; “The heavens declare the glory of God.” (Zabur of David-Psalm 19:2)

Rabbi Maller’s web site is: rabbimaller.com

Julius Wellhausen and the history of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam

A name on the map

The Tanakh and the Talmidim of Yeshua

Christian: if New Testament is false, why not Hebrew Bible too?

Kepler Breaks The 1,000-Planet Barrier With More Confirmed Discoveries

Three nearly Earth-size planets found orbiting nearby star


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Time Travel Novels : Arguably The Most Fascinating Topic

Time dilation in transversal motion. The requi...

Time dilation in transversal motion. The requirement that the speed of light is constant in every inertial reference frame leads to the theory of relativity (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

By Gary J. McCleary

Time travel is arguably the most fascinating topic in all of science fiction. If you are a fan of science fiction consider for a moment your favourite movies, books and episodes of television shows.

Which were the best episodes of Star Trek for example in all of its incarnations? Which episode would you consider to be the absolute best out of all the series? Think about your favourite movies and decide which is best out of straight adventure and exploration, fighting off monsters or the mind bending stories involving time travel.

There are two directions of possible travel, namely into the future or into the past. The truth is that travel into the future is not a problem and can be accomplished in a number of ways some of which are practical and others which are theoretically possible given future advances in technology.

We have…

Time dilation as proposed by Einstein as velocity approaches the speed of light. This has been verified even here on Earth by clocks travelling in high speed flight or in orbit and also by observing cosmic rays.

Suspended animation by freezing or even hibernation which the bears regularly do.

The normal aging process which takes our consciousness into the future at the steady rate of one second per second.

Now factor in things like black holes, wormholes, folded space, string theory etc and we have many possibilities to consider.

time travel using parallel universe.

time travel using parallel universe. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Now time travel into the past looks on the surface to be impossible because of the many paradoxes that it implies. However the laws of Physics are symmetrical and there is actually nothing in the laws that prohibits backward travel in time.

It is the exploring of the paradoxes that breathes life into the whole concept of time travel. The best known one is of course any variation on the so called ‘grandfather paradox’. This is where the time traveller goes back in time and murders his own grandfather before he gets around to fathering his father which means that the time traveller was never born which means that he never went back in time which means that he never killed his grandfather which means…well you get the picture.

In my Time Travel Novels I have explored many variations on this paradox and others. One explanation is that there are an infinite number of universes so every possibility is allowed for. Another is the theory that an event becomes its own cause so that whatever the time traveller does in the past it was meant to happen in the first place in order to set his existence in motion.

Think about any time travel story that you have ever seen or read and you will realise that they all involve a giant circle which appears to close on itself. The trick is in trying to pick where the break is in the circle.

Article Source: http://www.articlesbase.com/new-age-articles/time-travel-novels-arguably-the-most-fascinating-topic-7134323.html

About the Author

I had a good childhood as childhoods go. I didn’t like school very much and yet I went on to become a high school Maths teacher. After five years of that I returned to university to finish my own full-time study in Applied Mathematics IV. Around this time I began a part-time career as a lecturer in Engineering Studies at the University of Western Sydney.

The groundwork for the person that I am today was always there though because I have always had a love for anything to do with science fiction. After Life Novels


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Is Time Travel Possible?

Image via Tumblr

By Alice Frances

The greater part of us accept that we live in a three dimensional world, however this is not really true. We really live in a four dimensional world. Three measurements of space, and one of time. Consider it thus, in our level, three dimensional world we can advance, retreat, and go up or down, correct? To envision this, envision you are in a building and need to go to a room before the building, then to a room at the rear of the building, and afterwards up in the lift to a room at the highest point of the building.

In any case, keep in mind there is an alternate component in this, time. Time is entwined with the fabric of space and time, it is the fourth measurement. We consider time so inborn, so fundamental to our reality that it is difficult to be independent of it, and consider it as a measurement unto itself. Yet material science demonstrates that this is so. .

Considering time a measurement may not fall into place without any issues. A fourth measurement obliges a jump from rationale, our mind essentially can’t appreciate. The fourth measurement of time is so joined with the other three measurements of space that physicists now assemble the four measurements by one name, space-time.

Physicists now accept that space-time is a fabric that might be extended, pulled and even wrapped into bunches. It may even, insane as this sounds, be conceivable to manufacture a time machine.

To do this, we must figure out how to control the space-time fabric. Numerous researchers now accept that time travel conceivable as well as unavoidable. Anyway how?

There are now Time Traveler’s among us. Space travelers have time traveled into the future. Here’s the means by which this is achieved. The space station circles the Earth at more than 27,000 kilometers for every hour.

The astronauts have existed on them for more than 700 days. Amid this period, the space explorers voyaged a miniscule portion of a second into the future utilizing their essential strategy, speed. A space boat is a time machine on the grounds that the velocity it goes at is slowing time for the individuals aboard.

The pace of light is the ‘universe speed limit’. Nothing voyages quicker. Also in regular life, an individuals going at hyperspeed encounter time passing more gradually than the individual going at a typical rate of velocity. Researchers call this time dilution. In Geneva Switzerland is CERN the European Organization for Nuclear Research and home of the world’s biggest atom smasher.

Researchers from eighty five separate countries ponder the subatomic world to see how the universe functions at this space-age office, and they have been completing time travel tests for more than forty years. a valuable time travel molecule is the Muon. These are high-vitality particles delivered by astronomical beams which continually barrage the world’s air and live for around a millionth of a second.

Researchers use speed to make the subatomic particles live longer transforming them into time travelers, and demonstrating that time travel is in principle conceivable.

Be that as it may there’s a discover to utilizing pace to construct a time machine. Moving at speed a molecule picks up vitality, however this implies its mass expands and a subatomic molecule zooming around at near the velocity of light can weigh more than 7,000 times its ordinary weight on the grounds that the molecule essentially gets heavier.

Pocket watch, savonette-type. Italiano: Orolog...

Photo credit: Wikipedia

This implies it needs way more vitality to keep it moving. For us to go at the rate of light, we would require an interminable measure of energy resource, which we can’t at this stage produce.

Regardless of the possibility that we did have this vital asset, its impossible we would have the capacity to return, so a time machine may be a restricted to what’s to come. Notwithstanding, if later on, we experience better energy, that empower us to travel we can get around this problem.

At the same time there is an answer. Gravity. We frequently consider gravity a compelling force that keeps us on earth. Yet there is developing proof that gravity can result in space-time twists and that this likewise has an impact on how time passes. On the off chance that we can twist the fabric of space time, we can make easy routes, rather like shafts that can get us starting with one point then onto the next without the need for speed.

Article Source: http://www.articlesbase.com/mysticism-articles/is-time-travel-possible-7080310.html

About the Author

Alice Wickham is the founding editor of New London Writers Literary Agency, an

outlet for new and upcoming writers. Visit NLW to submit an article or a book proposal.


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Underling Difference between Traditional Tzolkin and Dreamspell

an image of mayan calendar on cosumel island' ...

an image of mayan calendar on cosumel island’ Mexico (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

By Mark Pattinson

These days, two different Mayan calendar systems have surfaced as an alternative to the Gregorian calendar. One of them is the conventional Mayan calendar system and other refers to thirteen moon calendar. The traditional system is based on the sacred calendar which is still used in some parts of Guatemala. At this point, it draws inevitable curiosity as to the differences between the two systems.

It should be mentioned in this regard that 13 moon calendar is also known as Dreamspell. This alternative is so dominating that only a few have clear understanding of its significant difference from traditional Mayan calendar. In fact, the most common perception is both are identical or the later is a more advanced version of traditional calendar. Let us now put the most important differences between them as follows:

Jumps on Days

13 moon calendar makes jumps on some particular days. The most notable jump is on February 29 in every leap year or Olympic year. On the contrary, traditional Mayan calendar which is considered more sacred, never features any kind of jump. It is based on continuous flow of heavenly creation and every day in the Mayan calendar is assigned a sacred energy of time.

Going by that rule, every day is associated with a sign and number. To put it differently, the very concept that there would be some days without any energy in calendar seems to be alien to the basic concept of Mayan calendar. In a comparatively modern version of Mayan calendar i.e. Dreamspell, Feb 29 is sans energy and so different from other days. However, that leap was not originally conceptualized by Mayan people but by Pope Gregory in 1582.

Sweet but ancient Mayan vendor looking totally...

Mayan vendor at Chichen Itza (Photo credit: Alaskan Dude)

His decision of excluding a particular day plays an important role in this new calendar system. However, that difference negatively affects people’s understanding of traditional and sacrosanct Mayan calendar or Tzolkin. July 26 is also a big jump every year, which is in stark contrast to the traditional way of moon counting in Mayan system where month duration alternates between 29 and 30 days. That was uninterruptedly followed.

Traditional system reflects the phase of moon and so is more scientific.

Way of Month Counting

The traditional way of counting months in Mayan calendars heavily harmonized with the female’s natural cycle of menstruation, gestation and ovulation, which does not hold true for Gregorian calendar.

Dreamspell or 13 moon calendar is not considered an authentic approach towards Mayan calendar. Those who still stay put with this diversion can make a visit to mymayansign.com. The website uses a different counting system but produces same type of analysis and prediction with higher accuracy.

Article Source: http://www.articlesbase.com/astrology-articles/underling-difference-between-traditional-tzolkin-and-dreamspell-6986520.html

About the Author

Fatih is extremely passionate about Mayan civilization, especially the Mayan calendar, astrology and predictions. He owns a website to educate intending readers about Mayan sign, astrology and most importantly differences between Dreamspell and traditional Mayan counting. To know more, visit his website Mymayansign.com.

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