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The State of the Science: Parapsychology (Book Review)

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Parapsychology: when did science give up on the paranormal?

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Meet the Former Pentagon Scientist Who Says Psychics Can Help American Spies

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Transcendent warfare: Human consciousness the key?

Water War by Mark Rain via Flickr

By Steve Hammons (originally posted at Joint Recon Study Group 9/11/2008)

The term “transcendent warfare” was used by a U.S. Navy SEAL officer several years ago to describe the use of leading-edge knowledge and methods that could be helpful in achieving many important objectives.

The SEAL officer, L.R. Bremseth, indicated in a graduate-level research paper for the Marine Corps War College that transcendent warfare includes not only the deployment of certain methods, but also the understanding of underlying concepts.

He noted a significant range of opportunities for the utilization of leading-edge transcendent activities in U.S. national defense efforts.

People sometimes ask, “Is transcendent warfare a way to conduct war more successfully, or is it a way to transcend actual warfare and accomplish objectives in other ways?”

Transcendent warfare may be both … and more.

Transcendent concepts may help average people around the world understand ways to improve their lives and develop constructive solutions to the challenges they may face. In other words, transcendent understanding may enhance human development and change human consciousness.


In his paper, Bremseth summarized activities related to facilitating robust psychological and perceptual functioning of U.S. military and intelligence personnel.

He noted that research into human behavior and thinking processes is ever-expanding and that these developments can provide very useful insight and significant assets.

One aspect of transcendent warfare is establishing a perspective from which transcendent concepts can be understood. This is the formation of a certain perspective, viewpoint and understanding.

Another element is translating this understanding into activities can be deployed to accomplish worthwhile missions and tasks.

These may include “hard power” methods as well as “soft power” efforts. They may be applied to special operations missions and humanitarian activities. They may assist “public diplomacy” and constructive psychological operations. They may involve open source intelligence (OSINT) platforms and educational/sociological outreach.

Transcendent concepts and activities can provide additional resources and tools for many kinds of situations … situations that are of importance to us now.


When we hear a term like transcendent warfare, the ideas of improving the state of the human race and solving the myriad of problems facing humanity might not immediately come to mind.

However, a study of the theories and activities on which the idea of transcendent warfare is based clearly indicates a potential for far-reaching positive changes for the human race and our planet.

Why? At the heart of transcendent concepts is human psychology and human consciousness. Most problems facing the human race are based on these fundamental elements. Many solutions lie in those same basic platforms too.

Enhancing human perception and understanding are keys to the transcendent perspective. Some of the research and activities conducted regarding discoveries in the area of human consciousness clearly indicate great potential for short-term and long-term human development.

How will these discoveries in consciousness and transcendent perspectives help us? It may not be completely clear. Important progress has already been made in integrating some of these leading-edge discoveries into the mass media and our everyday lives.

Social, educational, cultural, spiritual, medical, public safety, governmental, defense and other components of human societies can make greater use of transcendent viewpoints.

As they do, we may see a new paradigm, tipping point or breakthrough in the ways the human race solves problems and makes progress.

About the Author

Steve Hammons is the author of two novels about a U.S. Government and military joint-service research team investigating unusual phenomena. MISSION INTO LIGHT and the sequel LIGHT’S HAND introduce readers to the ten women and men of the “Joint Reconnaissance Study Group” and their exciting adventures exploring the unknown.


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Closer To Truth: ESP

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By John Prytz

There is an ongoing PBS TV series (also several books and also a website) called “Closer To Truth”. It is hosted by neuroscientist Robert Lawrence Kuhn. He’s featured in one-on-one interviews and panel discussions with the cream of the cream of today’s cosmologists, physicists, philosophers, theologians, psychologists, etc. on all of the Big Questions surrounding a trilogy of broad topics – Cosmos; Consciousness; Meaning. The trilogy collectively dealt with reality, space and time, mind and consciousness, aliens, theology and on and on and on. Here are a few of my comments on one of the general topics covered, ESP and related psychic subjects.

Does ESP Make Sense 1?

Does ESP make sense? Well if ESP made any sense, if say telepathy actually existed, then I probably wouldn’t be here writing this in the here and now. Why? If most people sensed and knew what I was thinking about them, especially drivers, they would have long since beaten me about the head and body until I was a bloody pulp. In a more general vein, I’m not aware of any assault or any crime involving violence that can be attributed to anyone reacting to what anyone else was thinking. I mean what if you walked down the street of some fundamentalist Islamic town thinking all sorts of nasty things about Allah and company. Nothing would happen. As the saying goes, “you can’t go to jail for what you are thinking” because thoughts are private. Given the number of people thinking nasty thoughts that would seriously offend other people, probably millions of such occurrences per day, yet nothing transpires as a result, would seem to discredit the idea of ESP or telepathy as a viable phenomena.

Does ESP Make Sense 2?

If ESP made any sense, how could teachers guard against students cheating on exams? How could the military protect highly classified documents? How could you protect yourself from others finding out the most intimate details of your love letters, you bank account numbers, the contents of your will, and associated privacy issues? There’s been a lot of angst recently displayed over the issues of electronic snooping, but I don’t seem to recall any concern over ESP as being part of the everyday tool-kit used for terrorism; diplomatic, corporate or military espionage; or as a ways and means used by criminals to further their get-rich-quick schemes. If ESP were legit, well blackmail would really be rampant.

Does ESP Make Sense 3?

If ESP/Telepathy/Remote Viewing and related psychic phenomena really existed it would make for an absolutely level playing field since all knowledge and all secrets would be in theory equally available to all. Even your most private thoughts wouldn’t be private any more. We don’t seem to have a level playing field – never have; not now; never will.

There are various absurdities of things that would have to have been documented but haven’t been, like levitation. What hasn’t been documented is prisoners floating out of their prison courtyards to freedom. Surely that should of happened at least once!

Speaking of prisoners, if there were really such a thing as mind-over-matter then prisoners could mentally unlock their handcuffs and prison cell doors. You could mentally pick door-locks and bank vault safe locks, or maybe just float valuables from where they are to where you are. The law could never trace murder to you if you murdered at a distance by say giving your victim a mind-over-matter heart attack. There’s no shortage of criminal mischief you could get up to. I don’t recall any court cases where mind-over-matter was established as the ways-and-means of doing the crime.

If there were such a thing as precognition then we’d all be billionaires. Or, perhaps one might like to argue that all billionaires past and present have had or currently have precognition and they just like to keep that their little family secret.

In short, you could take any of the various individual phenomena that collectively make up all things psychic and come up with things that could and should eventuate as a consequence, yet don’t.

Does ESP Make Sense 4?

Let’s explore the notion that mind-over-matter exists. What sort of things might we expect to have been the case if such a concept were really true and a property of the mind that is part and parcel of each and every one of us, especially if it were non-physical and could violate the laws, principles and relationships of physics.

Well one question that comes to mind is why NASA didn’t employ mind power instead of chemical rockets to send humans into space and to the Moon? It would have saved the taxpayer millions and millions. Related, why do planes require aviation gas or jet fuel? Surely the pilot could just use mind power to get passengers or cargo from place A to place B. In fact you could commute to work in your car on an empty tank!

I gather you could supply all the energy requirements for your home, supply the heat and light the lights, just cause those electrons to flow, all with just a flick of your mental power and abilities. For that matter, what need of the Large Hadron Collider when physicists could accelerate and slam particles together using just their minds?

If your mind had control over chemistry, there would be no excuse for the obesity epidemic. You could smoke without fear and drink like a fish. For that matter, you could turn lead into gold!

Sports wouldn’t be very sporting-like. A routine fly ball would be willed by the batter to become a home run. A baseball pitcher would be invincible game after game since his mind would control the twisting flightpath of the ball instead of relying on aerodynamics. In golf every shot would be a hole-in-one; in tenpin bowling every ball bowled would be a strike; in basketball every toss would go through the hoops. Chess on the other hand might still be aboveboard.

Any condemned convict could ensure their execution would be negated. The rope breaks; the rifle bullets miss; the lethal cocktail of chemicals turn into harmless substances; the neck is mightier than the sword or the guillotine.

If you were so inclined, you could change the wording on documents to benefit you, change a one dollar bill into a one hundred dollar bill, or alter the actual appearance of playing cards and thus never loose a game.

History would certainly be different. If Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan had applied mind-over-matter abilities to their war efforts, they would have won World War Two in a matter of just weeks – or less.

Seriously, all these ‘what if” scenarios imply that mind-over-matter must have a physical mechanism since in each and every case matter and energy is being manipulated. If you do believe in ESP and related psychic phenomena, like mind-over-matter, yet you can’t come up with a physical explanation that independents can verify, well okay, you do have an escape clause. You could be a virtual being in a simulated universe and all psi phenomena is just programmed software.

Does ESP Reveal the Nonphysical?

For ESP to reveal something about the non-physical, one must first demonstrate that ESP actually exists. Since ESP has not been so demonstrated in any peer-reviewed scientific journal, since if it had been there would be no need to have these discussions on “Closer to Truth”, then the bona-fide existence of ESP is still up for grabs. While there is a near total lack of evidence for the establishment of ESP, there is lots of evidence that points in the direction that ESP doesn’t exist. There has to be an actual mechanism that links the sender or the target with the receiver. Claiming that there is a non-physical mechanism that is beyond detection is a cop-out. One can claim all manner of phenomena but when asked to put-up-or-shut-up one just says that it has a non-physical explanation which nobody can actually pin down. As to what that non-physical mechanism is, it’s just pure pie-in-the-sky mysticism. It’s not scientific to a scientist; it’s not acceptable to the average layperson either. It’s like claiming to have an invisible friend but not being able to convince anyone because nobody else, including the claimant, can actually see, touch, taste, smell or hear anything tangible about this invisible entity. Okay, there has to be an actual physical mechanism for ESP if ESP is to claim to have some sort of validity. Alas, as has been more than adequately pointed out, if our brain/mind can detect ESP signals then it must be possible to construct an artificial detector that does the same thing. Further, we can build detectors vastly more sensitive than anything the human sensory apparatus, hence the brain/mind, can detect. Results to date equate to absolute zero. Resorting to a non-physical mechanism is a cop-out; nothing that can be construed to be a physical mechanism can be independently verified.

Is ESP a Window on a Larger Reality?

For ESP to be taken as a window on a larger reality, one must first prove in an accepted peer-reviewed manner that ESP (and related bits and pieces) actually exists. Now there are some phenomena that don’t sit still, phenomena that are so random that it is difficult for investigators to come to terms with their reality or non-reality. Examples are UFOs, ghosts, Bigfoot (Sasquatch), and related. However, ESP doesn’t fall into that category. ESP sits still. You have target A and person B or person A and person B and they are both fixed and static. They can be tested again and again. There’s nothing hit-or-miss or random about this. Now what is telling about all of this, quite apart from the idea that nobody has an actual clue what the ESP (and related) mechanism is, is that despite thousands of experiments and millions of “I know what I experienced” events, despite the elapse of hundreds of years of these sorts of investigations, nothing has been set in stone. You would think that by now, if there was any structure and substance to the entire validity of the ESP field, that issues would have been settled long ago. The fact that this debate over ESP and the nature therefore of a theoretical larger reality is still going on, is suggestive that nothing is going on. If there were any nuts-and-bolts reality to this whole area of parapsychology, it would have long since been documented and written up in the textbooks and taught to students with as much conviction as the teachings of the reality of those laws of gravity and of motion.

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About the Author

Science librarian; retired.

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The Remote Viewing Archives

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By Gerald O’Donnell

Reprinted with permission

“Remote Viewing” (mental spying) was initially carried out by Eastern Block countries at the height of the “Cold War.”

Secret PSI research associated with the state security and defense establishment was going on in the former U.S.S.R. and its many satellite communist countries since the early 50’s.

Paradoxically, the Soviet Union, although based on pragmatic and dogmatic, no-nonsense materialistic principles devoid of any spiritual content, had since the early 1950’s developed many PSI laboratories in order to study the applications of what the Soviets coined Psychotronic (bio energetic) research.

They had a clear lead in this field over any other country.

Military – controlled research centers specializing in the paraphysical were set up in Moscow, Leningrad (today called St. Peterburg), Omsk, Irkutsk, Vladivostok, Khabarovsk, Saratov, and the heavily guarded room B12 at Solnechnogorsk (NE of Moscow).

According to some yet classified documents, other establishments were set up in the U.S.S.R. for the same purpose in Siberia and at the Durov Institute.

These laboratories were under the control of either the K.G.B. or the G.R.U. (Military intelligence branch).

In contrast to their Western counterparts, these institutes were unencumbered by the desire and necessity to conduct double-blind studies, uniformly repeatable experiments, and to publish their results in international publications, at the risk of encountering the ire of skeptical colleagues. They, therefore, invited and studied naturally gifted psychics, psychokinetic performers, Siberian shamans, and Indian yogis.

Their stated purpose was “mental spying.” However, in reality, they had more sinister goals in mind, centered around the ability to control the minds of individuals at a distance. The Soviets felt a fanatical need for the indoctrination to their cause of masses of people, selected high-placed influential individuals in the West, or terrorist cells.

The perceived bellicose intentions and military arms race of many Western societies increased their paranoia, made them overreact by isolating themselves, and caused them to try frenetically to win the “war that could only leave, if at all, one winner upon the face of this planet, and most probably none.”

In the megalomaniacal world of the “Cold War, ” the possibility to control, without the targets’ knowledge, the minds of selected individuals at any distance became a paramount goal within the Soviet’s security system apparatus. It seemed to them as the perfect weapon.

The Soviets successfully set-up ELF (extremely low frequency) devices who could pulse subliminal sound messages at targeted individuals (using key words embedded in white noise or infra sound music) in order to manipulate their minds and their behavioral impulses.

Microwave pulsed behavioral modification and mind-control techniques were also used in the former U.S.S.R.. One of the most famous case involving such technology involved the discovery of this technology being applied to the U.S. embassy in Moscow that greatly alarmed the State Department and U.S. Intelligence. Despite vehement protests by the U.S. Government and concern for the mental and physical health of its embassy’s staff, the Soviets continued with their constant beaming of microwave signals towards the embassy. Henceforth, the embassy was literally shielded from these radiations by covering its entire structure with metallic plates. The full account of this incident is still classified.

Experiments attempting to instantly hypnotize subjects by purely telepathic means, without the subjects knowing in advance that they would be the targets of these highly concentrated “mind-waves,” were successfully carried out by the Soviets over distances of up to 2000 miles.

The best Psychotronic Research within the Eastern block was carried out in Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, and Poland. The Czechs and the Bulgarians achieved very interesting results.

Kirlian Photography, named after its inventor Semyon Davidovich Kirlian, was found to be a better lie-detector machine that the other lie-detection techniques.

Some of the finest clairvoyants in the world worked for the Bulgarian Secret Police, dreaded for its implacable methods devoid of any sentimentalism.

The Bulgarian Secret Police had tight liaisons with the Institutes of Suggestology and Parapsychology in Sofia and Petrich.

The K.G.B. (Soviet security and intelligence) conducted some so-called deep-black operations where attempts were made to assassinate individuals, or have them commit suicide, by the use of “psychotronic techniques.” Although it seems that the K.G.B. was at least partially successful in some cases, the author refuses to dwell on further into this negative side of Soviet “mind research.”

In the U.S. although “mind control” experiments using hypnosis, behavioral modifying drugs, ELF, VLF (very low frequency sounds: 20-35 khz), and all kind of technical gadgetry had been tested on human subjects since the end of WWII (project MKULTRA) by the intelligence agencies, “remote viewing” abilities had been shunned by the operative technocrats of the C.I.A. and its predecessor: the O.S.S.

This was probably due to a cultural religious bias that many top brass of the agencies had against psychic abilities that they considered as the domain of spiritism and “malefic” forces.

Nevertheless, when it became apparent that the Soviets were making great strides in the subject of mental espionage and were spending in 1970 more than 60 million rubles on it (this sum reached 300+ millions by the mid-70’s), American intelligence became quite alarmed and after a detailed analysis took the Soviet “psychotronic” threat very seriously.

It then commissioned several programs to look into operative modalities that could duplicate and eventually outperform the Soviet successes that had by then been confirmed by Humint (human intelligence ) and electronic intelligence.

The main program was given to laser specialist Dr. Harold Puthoff (a former N.S.A. member during his military service at fort Mead, Maryland) and Russell Targ who both worked at Stanford Research institute (SRI), a gigantic scientific think-tank attached to Stanford University in California. SRI was already involved in many scientific projects for the defense establishment.

The initial RV (remote viewing) experiments happened in February 1972 using mainly Ingo Swann, a talented New York psychic, as a test subject.

Initially the testing modalities involved using computer generated random chosen targets that were then visited by human “beacons” to report back if the description given by the test subject seated in a “Faraday cage” at SRI (in order to shield him or her from any outside electromagnetic force) corresponded to the reality of what the “beacons” were seeing while witnessing the target site or object.

The first experiments were highly successful, and the CIA contracted hence SRI for an initial period in order to streamline and define the training and operational modalities of “remote viewing.”

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Since most of the targets that were of interest to the defense establishment were secret sites in the Soviet Republics whose real location needed to remain classified and could not be revealed to the civilian remote viewers of SRI, an attempt was made to use geographical coordinates instead of other means to describe theses sites.

The results were as impressive as before, even though the test subject had no idea of what these coordinates corresponded to.

The use of coordinates (latitude and longitude) is what caused the project to be initially coded as Scan gate.

The US Army intelligence branch sent some personnel to be trained as remote viewers at SRI and opened their own operational top-secret unit with code names such as Sun Streak, Center Lane, and Grill Flames.

Eventually, SRI realized that instead of giving the RV (remote viewers) real coordinates, it was enough to give him or her a series of random generated numbers that the computer had assigned to the target.

SRI also realized that human beacons were not needed and that one got statistically the same rate of success without them.

Another strange realization made by SRI was that the RV would get the same rate of success whether the computer chose the target before its description by the RV or after! In other words, the RV was describing a remote target that would be chosen randomly by a computer in the future (even days or weeks later) after his or her description of it. This meant that the remote viewer was describing an event (the choice of target) belonging to the future.

We had therefore proof that, not only could one instantly bridge space as the remote viewers were doing routinely, but that time could be also traveled forward in the future in an instantaneous fashion!

Another proof of this phenomenon came as follows: SRI realized that if the subject would not be given in his or her future a definite feedback as to the success or failure of his or her description of the targeted site, the chance were very high that the Remote Viewing session would be a failure!

In other words: one needed an act of retroaction (feedback) in order to make that future feedback (picture shown of real target or just verbal feedback) a reality of success or not that would be given and experienced by the test subject.

This might be at first difficult to comprehend by non-RV and individuals not trained in the discipline of quantum physics. We had here a statistically significant proof that the future influences the past!

This means that the past (the memory of it) can be manipulated and changed depending on the presence or not of an event that chooses (quantum physicists would say that collapses the quantum probability function) to confirm or deny a certain correlated reality in the past!

Therefore, not only is the future malleable, but so is the past!

This is at the core of the technique (until now unexplained anywhere) that Mr. O’Donnell explains and where he shows that in order to choose one’s future, one needs within certain modalities to often change one’s past or memory of it (which is the same thing!)

In quantum physics research, a related experiment called-the double-slit delayed choice experiment was successfully carried out in the mid-80’s at the University of Maryland and the University of Munich, Germany. It proved beyond the shadow of a doubt that decisions taken in the present affect results achieved in the past, or that the future affects the past. That is to say that the effect affects the cause.

Mr. O’Donnell leaves each individual to ponder about the stupendous implications that this statement carries about the nature of reality, and will not explain it further. Rather, he uses it pragmatically for practical purposes.

Early in the protocol of SRI a technique coined Associational Remote Viewing was developed that allowed one to know in advance whether a particular remote viewing session targeting for instance precise information of a mundane type such as the numbers pertaining to a future lottery drawing, or the results of a future horse race, or the value of the DJIA for the next day etc. was most probably a correct prediction that could used to one’s advantage, or whether mental noise had been introduced and the vision was skewed and no money should be invested on it.

This very ingenious method is explained together with the foundation course that Mr. O’Donnell sends out.

SRI basically developed two protocols for remote viewing. The original one was a type of viewing where the RV was seated in front of an individual: “the monitor,” that would carefully help the viewer in his or her “remote trip” by asking him or her relevant questions in an interactive manner.

The viewer was also seated in a special biofeedback monitoring chair where special subliminal and tonal frequencies were beamed at his or her ears in order to help him or her attain a stage where the electroencephalographic trace and skin galvanometric response would detect a predominance of Alpha (7 to 14 cycles per second) or Theta waves (4-7 cycles per seconds) within the brain of the remote viewer. This Theta level correlates with the hypnagogic state that precedes sleep where one encounters a predominance of delta waves: 0-3 cycles per seconds (besides the periods of rapid eye movements were alpha waves: 7 to 14 cycles per second are predominant). At which point a special tonal frequency sound would be emitted by the biofeedback machine in order to allow the subject to recognize this state and hopefully be easily able to enter it at will in the future. And the remote viewing experience would start from that moment on.

The second protocol (ERV or Extended Remote Viewing) was much more loose and devoid of technical gadgetry. In this case the individual would go deeply within him/herself until he or she felt that he or she was able to separate his or her awareness from his or her physical body and go for extended trips to remote locations bridging either space, time, or both. He or she would verbally record on a tape recorder his or her impressions and often sketch them, on a piece of paper.

Well-trained remote viewers would often get the impression of having a so-called phantom body that could go at will through walls and examine a location from an elevated high perspective or from a very close one, depending on his or her desire.

SRI attracted the attention of the DIA, NSA, Naval intelligence, INSCOM which is the intelligence branch of the army, and many members of the US Congress and Senate ( ex: Senator Clairborne Pell). As a matter of fact, early in the program, groups of army personnel were chosen to undergo the training that SRI provided and they started their own “remote viewing” units. These units came from the mid-80’s until the early 90’s under the tutelage of the DIA (Defense Intelligence Agency), and operated mainly out of Fort Mead, Maryland. Other units were rumored to exist.

Russell Targ left SRI in 1982 to form together with gifted RV Keith Harary their own remote viewing organization: Delphi Associates. They won a large sum of money after trading the silver future markets based on remote viewing predictions made by Keith Harary that had an almost perfect accuracy rate.

Dr. Puthoff left SRI as head of the remote viewing program in 1985 and was replaced by Ed May, a former Naval Intelligence Officer. Director Ed May moved the whole program under the tutelage of SAIC in 1991.

Most of these defense-related projects are now either defunct or have gone deeply undercover (totally unproven) since 1995 for unknown reasons.

The Europeans have very effective RV units and so do some other intelligence units belonging to other countries. However, none of them has ever officially declassified any of their material. The anecdotal details of their operations cannot be revealed. Their RV methodology targets even deeper levels of mind (interface point with delta) than the US. protocols.

The only known leak in European spheres happened in the Soviet union where “mind control” electronic equipment was made commercially available by cash-strapped former research laboratories.

In the US, on the other hand, since the official recognition by the CIA in November 1995 of the 20+ year project and the declassification of some of the related material, many former defense trained Remote Viewers or RV analysts have come forward and broken their code of silence.

Some have written books about their espionage experiences, and others have opened Institutes where they teach for a fee remote viewing methods to the general public. A great deal of media hype seems to have somehow inflated their feats.

The author feels very strongly that on the eve of the next Millennium all these newly open avenues of exploration of the infinite powers of the mind cannot but be of major help to all of us as humanity.

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ESP, remote viewing actually ‘complementary cognition?’

Integration of Light by Hartwig HKD

Integration of Light by Hartwig HKD

By Steve Hammons

The term “anomalous cognition” has come to mean something similar to what has often been called the “sixth sense.”

These concepts are also linked with names for this phenomena such as extrasensory perception (ESP) and remote viewing.

However, is it true that certain kinds of perception are actually “anomalous,” that is, unusual or out of the ordinary?

It may be that the sixth sense is actually a very natural, normal and common kind of perception that we all experience on a regular basis. We may not recognize it as such because we filter those perceptions through our conscious and logical thinking brain.

Or, maybe we just consider these perceptions as hunches, gut feelings, instincts or intuition that we may or may not pay much attention to.

It might be more accurate and constructive to call this kind of perception “alternative cognition” or “complementary cognition.” This is similar to ideas of alternative medicine and complementary medicine.


We might think of alternative cognition or complementary cognition as just another perceptual resource to go along with our other five senses of sight, hearing, touch, taste and smell as well as our emotions, feelings, dreams and thinking brain.

In fact, maybe we will discover that there are more than these modes of perception. Maybe we have the ability to perceive in ways that can be further identified and specified.

There are also joint perceptions that involve using more than one sense or perceptual resource simultaneously. Integrating our sixth sense with the other five and other inner experiences may also be helpful, as well as very natural and normal.

Complementary cognition is probably something all humans, and probably many animals, possess as a natural part of our awareness.

However, this does not mean that all of us utilize this kind of perception in equal measure.

For example, remote viewing refers to some specific methods developed by the U.S. military and intelligence communities in Project STARGATE during the 1970s, ‘80s and ‘90s. People were selected to be remote viewers in these efforts because they were believed to have better than average or quite good abilities in this area.

These abilities were then scientifically tested, verified, measured and explored by Project STARGATE personnel.

Are these skills based on elements like personal experiences, training and practice, genetics or psychological traits? All of these factors, and maybe more, probably play a part in the abilities of a particular person.

In addition, the purpose or importance of the alternative or complementary cognition experience might be an important factor. Is it being used as part of an important secret mission, for personal safety and survival, to find a missing child, to catch a dangerous criminal?

Would these situations somehow contribute to the availability or accuracy of complementary cognition experiences compared to a purpose that is less important?


As we continue to learn more about our sixth sense, ESP, remote viewing, anomalous cognition, alternative/complementary cognition or whatever we might choose to call it, we will probably find answers to these questions.

Scientific research during the Project STARGATE years resulted in large amounts of useful data that continues to be very helpful in our understanding of this aspect of human consciousness.

In addition to the scientific exploration and measurement of this human ability, it was applied to operational activities involved with U.S. national security, often with significantly successful results.

In fact, a Navy SEAL officer suggested in a research paper for his studies at the Marine Corps War College that remote viewing can be an example of what he called “transcendent warfare.” He suggested that using state-of-the-art and leading-edge emerging knowledge about human consciousness can be an important part of U.S. national security activities.

Subsequent concepts that built on the SEAL officer’s idea of transcendent warfare included the term “transcendent power” which is complementary to diplomatic and military soft power, hard power and what has been called smart power.

Taking the transcendent power idea further, we might discover that it and complementary cognition can be applied to a wide range of efforts and goals including economic prosperity, scientific progress, medical discoveries, human development, international peace operations, resolution of social problems, natural resources conservation and many other important current challenges.

When we begin to understand that alternative and complementary cognition is a natural part being human, we may find that we can make accelerated progress on many levels.

Steve Hammons writes on many topics. For more information, visit these websites: Joint Recon Study Group, Transcendent TV & Media and American Chronicle.